Hemp, cannabis, CBD – how to make sense of it all

Confused about CBD vs Cannabis and Hemp

You have probably heard of the numerous benefits of CBD. The substance is all the rage at the moment and hundreds of thousands of users in Asia and all over the world praise it for its abilities to help with numerous ailments. There is already a lot of information out there, but most is not very concise and clear. Luckily, you have come to the right place!

We will present you with the basics without overwhelming you. After reading this article you will be able to understand the different terms and enjoy CBD for yourself. 

The green basics

Let us first look at the basic terms. To do this we have to travel back in time, in fact, several thousand years. Since then people in Asia and the Middle East have already cultivated the perennial crop we know as “hemp”.

  1. Hemp for daily living

The hemp seeds were used as food and the hemp fibers served for making clothes, ropes, shoes, sails, nets, and many other things. Moreover, the fibers were used as a compound of building blocks and paper.

  1. Hemp as medicine

Moreover, our ancestors also knew about the health benefits hemp provided. Chinese medicinal scrolls mention the use of hemp again and again for the treatment of pain and mental illnesses. In Egypt, it was used to treat eye sores, inflammation, pain, and many other medical problems. 

  1. Hemp = cannabis

The old Greeks called the hemp “kannabis” which is simply the Greek word for “hemp”. The Latin version of “kannabis” is “cannabis” which is also used by science to distinguish between the various subspecies of hemp, for example, “cannabis sativa” and “cannabis indica”. 

To sum it up: The word “cannabis” has nothing to do with drugs. It is simply the scientific name of the hemp plant.

How does CBD play in?

The hemp plant contains several hundred chemical compounds. CBD (short for cannabidiol) is one of them and has the second-highest concentration in unaltered hemp plants. CBD is therefore a totally natural substance. To use it, the producers extract the CBD from the female hemp plants and filter it to ensure purity.

How does CBD act in the human body?

When you take in CBD, it enters your bloodstream via your digestive system (CBD oil) or via your lungs (CBD vaping). The blood transports the CBD to the brain where the body has special receptors, called CB1 and CB2. Astoundingly, the human body itself uses an “endocannabinoid system” to maintain various important bodily functions. The substances in this system have a strong chemical resemblance to CBD. Therefore, the CBD can use the body’s receptors and cause several good reactions, for example, a feeling of relaxation or suppression of inflammation.

What is “THC” and how does it connect to CBD?

THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinol) is also a natural substance and part of the hemp plant. In contrast to CBD, THC is psychoactive, which means it causes intoxication and a high. THC is the reason that hemp used to have a bad reputation because THC is the main ingredient of Marijuana, which is used as a drug. Therefore, the use of THC above certain thresholds is illegal in most countries. 

Do you take illegal drugs when using CBD?

You are not taking any illegal drugs when you use CBD. Today’s industrial hemp is created to contain little THC because the producers can only sell the CBD. China is the biggest producer of hemp today and surely does not want to sell drugs. Moreover, the rest of THC from the hemp is filtered out. CBD isolate like in the SWISS FX oils does not contain any THC or CBN at all. So, you are not in danger of violating the law in Hong Kong.

How can you use CBD?

CBD is available in several different forms. Most commonly it is used as CBD oil, which can be taken orally. One shuld place 1-2 drops under the tongue for 60-90 seconds, so the first CBD parts can be absorbed by the lining of the mouth. The oil is then swallowed and the digestive system does absorb the remaining CBD.

When you vape the oil, a vape pen vaporizes the oil and you inhale it. That way, the CBD is taken in via the lungs. This method is quicker to bring the CBD into your body, but the effect is usually a bit shorter than with oil. Moreover, vaping is seen as a bit more social. You can relax, for example with your partner and it is cozier than swallowing some oil together.